Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) activities beginning at the birth hearing screening and culminating in early intervention have positively impacted outcomes for children who are deaf or hard of hearing and their families in the United States and worldwide. Universal newborn hearing screening has resulted in significantly lowering the average age of identification. Screening is a necessary first step, but does not ensure the next critical steps of timely identification and diagnosis of children who are deaf or hard of hearing, amplification, and referral to early intervention, all with the goal of promoting language development. The goal of EHDI is to assure that all infants are identified as early as possible and appropriate intervention is initiated, no later than by 3–6 months of age. There is a body of literature demonstrating that children and families experience optimal outcomes when these benchmarks are met. Additionally, communication and linguistic competence (in spoken language, signed language, or both) are achievable when timelines are met and when optimal audiological and early intervention services are accessible. Critical areas of improvement remain within the EHDI system to ensure newborns benefit from early recognition and have access to appropriate supports. The current 2019 document builds on prior Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) publications (2013 JCIH supplement on Early Intervention and 2007 JCIH Guidelines); updating best practices through literature reviews and expert consensus opinion on screening; identification; and audiological, medical, and educational management of infants and young children and their families. Academy Fellows Alison Grimes, AuD, and Christine Yoshinaga-Itano, PhD, represent the Academy on the JCIH panel and have contributed their subject-matter expertise in the development of these guidelines. The current JCIH document includes the following highlights. This content is an exclusive benefit for American Academy of Audiology members. If you're a member, log in and you'll get immediate access. Member Login If you're not yet a member, you'll be interested to know that joining not only gives you access to top-notch resources like this one, but also invitations to member-only events, inclusion in the member directory, participation in professional forums, and access to patient resources, tools, and continuing education. Join today!